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为什么纽约市会这么好呢?

为什么纽约市会这么好呢?

原作者:Matt Schiavenza 马特·史阿文萨

译者:consideRay

从哪里开始写好呢?作为一个在其他地方长大、游历过三个大洲的人来说,我可以证明纽约的确是一个非常精彩独特的地方。以下是一些原因:

  •  拥有现代城市生活的精髓。一百年前,这个殊荣落在伦敦。一百年后可能会在上海或者孟买,圣保罗[1]或者拉各斯[2]。但在此时此刻,纽约是不折不扣的世界首都。这个原因可能并不足以证明这个城市的伟大,但纽约作为世界中心的这个角色是你时刻能感受到的。在这个城市立足的各个政治,金融和文化机构都吸引了来自世界各地的人才(而且我觉得如果美国的移民政策更亲民一点的话会吸引到更多,有点扯远了)。我实在想不到还有哪个地方(除了伦敦)会有如此高的人口密度。能够与这么多有趣的人生活在同一座城市是一种荣幸。
  • 密度与多样性。到目前为止,纽约市是美国人口密度最高的城市,这里面还包括它的卫星区域。曼哈顿是全世界人口密度最高的城区,特别是在发达国家当中。(我去过的“第一世界”国家里面,唯一能够与之匹敌的是香港,不过那是另外的故事了。)人们觉得曼哈顿是富人的领地,这一点无可否认。但你要知道那里还有哈林[3],华盛顿高地,晨边高地等大多数区域住着很多工人阶层和中产阶层。因为地理上的紧密联系以及统一费率的地铁服务,在纽约生活的各种人群会比在其他城市更容易融合在一起。在洛杉矶,比佛利山庄的富人看不起康普顿的穷人。在纽约,富人和穷人会把对方看成自己人。这样带来的结果是,除了那些有钱的势利眼,纽约人是更为包容的,这是得益于这种超乎想象的人口密度。难道那里就没有歧视和偏见了吗?当然会有。但对我来说,纽约人是我见过待人最友善的。你可能觉得这点不可信,但我是完全认同这点的。
  •  职业的种类。我在加州海湾区长大,我到现在还认为那里是全美国最美丽宜居的城区。但是在文化上,海湾区很大程度地被科技领域占据了,如果你对这方面不感兴趣的话,你会觉得这还是有点弱弱的感觉。洛杉矶也是一样,这个地方聚集了一大批娱乐产业的工作人员,而华盛顿特区则是政客的天堂。这些地方在自己的领域都做得很好,但你会觉得很难跳出这些领域。因为纽约有这么大的规模,所以没有一个产业能够处于统领地位。在这里金融业是一个很庞大的产业,不过如果你不想跟华尔街打交道也是很容易做到的。在这里有戏剧迷,文学迷,音乐迷和各种迷。纽约的职业多样性使得人们不会在某一产业产生过多泡沫。也许最重要的是,人们选择住在纽约是因为他们想这样做,不是因为他们为了某份工作而不得不留在这里。在工作允许的情况下,我觉得超过半数在华盛顿特区生活的人会秒速搬到纽约市来。
  • 每一笔预算都有趣。纽约的房租的确很贵。但是(小声点)有一个小秘密,你在这里可以花很少的钱过很好的生活。你只需要买2.25美金一张的票就可以搭全天运营的地铁到任何地方。这里也有好多地方可以吃到便宜的东西,从熟食店到外国餐厅再到传统的餐馆,一应俱全。而且到处都有超市给你买菜做饭。如果你足够精明的话,你可以以超低的折扣买到很多本来挺贵的娱乐商品(比如戏剧门票,演唱会门票这些)。最重要的是,随便在街上逛逛就已经是一项极大的娱乐了,而且也不花一分钱。当我听到人们抱怨没钱进行娱乐的时候,我表示强烈反对。你可以随心所欲地消费。即使预算遇到瓶颈,任何有一点创意和机灵的人都能在这个城市过得好好的。
  • 各种散步。纽约市是全美国甚至是全世界最适合散步的城市。曼哈顿的“网格系统”[4]就是专门为路痴而设的(特别是像我这样完全没有方向感的人)。而且这里多的是可以游览的地方,我保证你不会看腻。还有这里周围都有方便行人憩息的公园(河滨公园、中央公园、展望公园这些),天气好的时候能够在水边走走也是极好的。买不起健身室的会员卡?买一双质量好的散步鞋开始漫步这座城市吧,这对你的精神和灵魂也是一种升华。
  • 便利。在纽约,你可以在一天的任何时间叫到任何一种食物的外卖。可能这有点夸大了,不过也只是一点点而已。几乎每一场大型音乐演出、戏剧演出、书籍发布会等等都会在各地巡回的时候经过纽约。你想去某家公司的总部?你说的是纽约吧。
  • 美丽。旧金山就比纽约更美丽,也更不要说巴黎、罗马还有伊斯坦布尔、巴塞罗那这些城市了。但纽约有它自己独特的美。这里有华丽的褐沙石房屋,像帝国大厦那样的摩天大楼,还有常年动人的中央公园。从三俗一点的角度来讲,这个地方从来不缺俊男美女让人观赏,特别是在天气好的时候。
  • 热情好客。有人向我形容纽约市是全世界最排外的俱乐部,因为几乎所有人都可以加入。要成为一个“纽约客”,你不一定要在纽约出生。只要你知道怎样叫一份三明治,怎样冲卡进地铁,保持人行道畅通,向陌生人谈论地产,嘲笑华盛顿邮报的头条,抱怨天气,遵守基本的的士礼仪,正确地给小费,给陌生人指路,还有在时代广场地铁站停下来为“米头士”[5]乐队欢呼,你就是纽约客。无论你是从拉合尔[6],圣多明哥[7],汉堡或者亚的斯亚贝巴[8]来也没关系,无论你在这里呆了两年或者一辈子也没关系。纽约可能会让外人望而却步,但一旦你在这里住下来,并了解了周围之后,你会发现这里的生活才算是生活——是一份礼物。

原文地址:http://www.quora.com/l/boq-matt-schiavenza

为什么纽约市会这么好呢?
本作品采用知识共享署名-非商业性使用-禁止演绎进行许可。

____________________________________

[1] 圣保罗(Sao Paolo) 巴西最大工业城市

[2] 拉各斯(Lagos) 尼日利亚首都

[3] 哈林(Harlem)纽约市曼哈顿岛东北部的黑人居住区

[4] 网格系统(grid system)纽约市曼哈顿区的街道被设计成纵横相间的网格

[5] 米头士(Meetles) 在纽约街头表演的非专业乐队,以翻唱歌曲为主

[6] 拉合尔(Lahore) 巴基斯坦旁遮普省的首府

[7] 圣多明哥(Santo Domingo) 多米尼加共和国北部的一个省

[8] 亚的斯亚贝巴(Addis Ababa) 埃塞俄比亚首都

 

英文原文:

Where to start? As someone who grew up elsewhere and has lived and traveled on three continents, I can attest that New York is indeed a wonderfully special place. Here’s why:

  • New York is the quintessential urban experience in our contemporary world. A century ago, it was London. A century from now, it could well be Shanghai or Mumbai, Sao Paolo or Lagos. But New York, for our time and place, is the world’s capital. While this may seem a spurious reason to vouch for a city’s greatness, New York’s role as the “center of the world” is something you can almost feel. The political, financial, and cultural institutions based in this city attract talented and ambitious people from all over the world. (And would attract even more if the US had a sensible immigration policy, but I digress…) In no other place I can think of, save London, can you find people at the pinnacle of their profession in such a small geographical radius. It’s an extraordinary privilege to be so close to so many interesting people
  • The density and the diversity. New York City is, by far, the densest city in the United States- and that includes the outer boroughs. Manhattan alone is one of the densest urban areas in the world, especially in the developed world. (The only comparable place I’ve been in the so-called ‘first world’ is Hong Kong, which is a whole other story). People think of Manhattan as a rich person’s territory- justifiably- but bear in mind that there’s Harlem, and Washington Heights, and Morningside Heights, as well as a multitude of areas with a lot of working-class and middle-class people. Because of this geographic compression and a flat-rate subway, New York’s various populations mix and mingle more than those in many other cities. In Los Angeles, the wealthy of Beverly Hills do not identify with the poor of Compton. In New York, both the wealthy and the poor recognize each others as part of the same basic polity. As a result, despite the extraordinary wealth and snobbery you can encounter in New York, people are more tolerant of others simply due to the incredible density. Is there still bigotry? Of course. But New Yorkers, to me, treat each other better than almost anyone else I’ve ever met. Laugh all you want, but I believe it completely.
  • The range of occupations. I grew up in the Bay Area, which I still regard as America’s most beautiful and livable metropolitan area. But culturally, the Bay Area is still dominated to a large extent by the tech sector, which can be a little…..lame….if you’re not into it. Los Angeles, too, sucks in people who want to work in the entertainment industry, while Washington DC is a magnet for political/government types. These places are great in their own ways, but it can be hard to get away from it all when you want to. In New York, simply due to its sheer size, no one industry predominates. Finance is a huge business here, but it’s remarkably easy to avoid ever dealing with Wall Street types if you don’t want to. There are theater nerds, literary nerds, music nerds, and all else, but the occupational diversity in New York keeps anyone from operating too much inside a particular bubble. Perhaps most importantly, people choose to live in New York because they want to live in New York, not because they have to in order to get work in a particular industry. Half the people you meet in Washington DC, I’d argue, would move to New York in a heartbeat if their job allowed them to.
  • Fun on any budget. Yes, rents in New York are really expensive. But (shhhh….) here’s a little secret. You can have a great time here without spending a lot of money. The subway, which runs 24/7, costs $2.25 a ticket and goes just about everywhere. There are millions of cheap places to eat, ranging from delis to ethnic dives to classic diners, and there are supermarkets everywhere for when you want to cook. If you’re clever and creative, you can get massive discounts on typically pricey cultural items (theater tickets, concert tickets, etc.). Most importantly, just walking around outside is entertainment enough, and doesn’t cost you a thing. When I hear of people complaining about how they can’t afford to have fun, I shake my head. The sky is the limit, obviously, when it comes to how much you can spend if you’d like. But when it comes down to it anyone with a bit of creativity and savvy can have a great time in the city on a very limited budget.
  • Walk walk walk. New York is the best walking city in the United States and one of the very best in the world. The “grid” system in Manhattan makes it idiot-proof (for people like me who lack a good sense of direction), and there are so many places to see that you’ll never get bored. There are also pedestrian-friendly parks everywhere (Riverside, Central, Prospect) and a waterfront which can be very pleasant to stroll down when the weather cooperates. Can’t afford a gym membership? Buy a good pair of walking shoes and explore the city. It’s good for your mind and soul.
  • Convenience. In New York, you can get any kind of food delivered to your door at any hour of the day. I exaggerate, but just slightly. Just about every major musical act, theater act, book reading, and other event will pass through town on its way around the country, or world. Need to go to the company headquarters? It’s probably in New York. 
  • Beauty. San Francisco is more beautiful, not to mention Paris and Rome and probably Istanbul and Barcelona, too. But New York has its fair share of beauty, beginning with gorgeous brownstone buildings, skyscrapers like the Empire State Building, and the year-long magnificence of Central Park. On a more prurient level, there is also no shortage of beautiful people to gawk at, especially on a warm day 为什么纽约市会这么好呢?
  • Welcoming. Someone once described New York to me as the world’s most exclusive club that literally anyone can join. You don’t have to have been born in New York to be a “New Yorker”. If you know how to order a sandwich, negotiate the subway, not block the sidewalk, talk about real estate to strangers, laugh about Post headlines, complain about the weather, exercise basic taxi etiquette, tip properly, help a stranger with directions, and stop to cheer the Meetles in the Times Square subway stop, you’re a New Yorker. It doesn’t matter if you’re originally from Lahore or Santo Domingo or Hamburg or Addis Ababa, or if you’ve been in the city for 2 years or your whole life. New York can be intimidating to the uninitiated, sure. But once you get settled, learn your way around, you’ll see life here for what it really is: a gift.

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