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关于烹饪有哪“十诫”?

关于烹饪有哪“十诫”?

原作者:Jonas M Luster  乔纳斯·M·拉斯特

译者:番薯啊同腰果齐欢唱

1. 珍惜你的食材。每一种食材,无论一颗蔬菜,一块肉或是香料,都来自人的辛勤劳作,动物的牺牲,和各种交通工具的运输。就算只是一根芹菜茎或一块猪脊肉,也在地球上度过短短一生,留下不可磨灭的痕迹。如果你尊重别人为你手中食物付出的劳动,尊重为此牺牲的动物,就根据食材选择最合适的烹调方法,不断精进,不要浪费、丢弃食物。

2. 充分接触你的食材。夹子和其它工具只会让你跟你的食物越离越远。缺乏接触会做出糟糕的菜,不只是比喻,从字面上也是这样。用手去触摸肉排,生菜,所有的食物。要感受它,闻它的味道,看它是什么样子,尝尝它是什么味道。

3. 每个月都尝试新的东西。试试外国菜谱。如此一来,生活更丰富多彩,做出来的菜肴也更美妙,就算你只是在做最普通的主食。

4. 用工具前,学着徒手做。买个刨丝器很好,一辈子算下来能省下好多个钟头的时间。但是,只有“亲手”学习怎么切、捣、磨、烧、煎、搅,你才能熟识食物,做出最好的菜肴。

5. 要为别人做菜。这个其他人已经说的够多了。

6. 在条件允许下使用新鲜的食材,必要时可以使用罐头食材,只有最糟糕的情况下才用冷冻食材。

7. 每样食材都要试味。要不厌其烦的试。

8. 将食材解冻到室温后,才可以入锅。

9. 烹饪的环境能多干净就多干净。

10. 烹调时要勤试味,烘焙时要精估量。

原文地址:https://www.quora.com/Cooking/If-there-were-ten-commandments-in-cooking-what-would-they-be

 

英文原文:

  1. Honor what you use. For every piece of food, every ingredient, every vegetable, slice of meat, herb, or spice, someone had to work, an animal had to die, trucks, vans, trains, and boats had to move. Every celery stalk and every pork loin has made a permanent impression on this planet. Honor the men and women who worked for your food, the animals who had to die for it, by giving everything the best treatment, thinking about how you can make it better, and by not wasting or throwing away food items.
  2. Don’t lose touch with your food. Tongs and other contraptions only serve to keep you away from it. Losing touch, figuratively and literally, yields worse dishes. Touch your steaks, your salad, everything. Learn how it feels, smells, looks, and tastes.
  3. Try something new every month. Follow foreign cultures and preparations. Your life will be richer and your food better, even when you’re preparing common staples.
  4. Before you use the tool learn to do it with your own hands. Buying a julienne peeler is nice and can save you hours over the course of a lifetime. But only by learning how to cut, mash, grind, sear, saute, and whisk with your hands will you keep touch with your food and get the best results.
  5. Cook for others. Enough said.
  6. Use fresh where possible, canned where necessary and frozen when desperate.
  7. Taste everything. Repeatedly.
  8. Let your food items come to room temperature before throwing them into pans.
  9. Work clean and clean as you go.
  10. When cooking, taste. When baking, measure.

 


关于烹饪有哪“十诫”?
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