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被黑寡妇毒蜘蛛咬了之后是什么感觉?

被黑寡妇毒蜘蛛咬了之后是什么感觉?

原作者:Brad Porteus

译者:Jaro-羅

那是2006年夏季,美国加州雷德伍德城一个阳光明媚的星期天早晨。我的妻子和她的闺蜜们去了美国东部进行为期一周的旅行,给自己充充电,也顺便见见那里的老朋友。而我就和两个儿子(一个四岁,另一个一岁九个月大)留在家中。

我们一时兴起,想让这个早晨做点不一样的事情,就打算去当地的山中散步。我们开始做准备:涂上防晒油,装上零食,给水壶加上水,把婴儿车推出来——出行前必备工作。

我从车库里找出一双旧鞋,匆忙地套在我的脚上,然后继续在房子里为出行整理东西。大概一分钟之后,我觉得右脚的脚趾间有东西在动,当我打算把鞋子脱掉时,我感到我的第二个脚趾好像被什么给叮了一口,不疼,只是有点不舒服。

我在楼梯下脱掉鞋子,要放下它们,却发现了一只墨黑色的蜘蛛,它的身体像一颗饱满的豌豆那样大。我叫儿子把他放在附近的捕虫器取来,把蜘蛛扔进这个透明的容器里面作进一步的观察。

我旋转着容器,发现黑蜘蛛的肚子上有个明显的微红色的沙漏状图案,你可以想象我当时的惊恐。我想我在那里已经住了将近四十个年头,但我还从未听过有任何人见过黑寡妇蜘蛛(更不用说被她咬过了)。所以我猜测这应该是一只无害的蜘蛛,只是跟黑寡妇长得有点像而已。

不管怎么样,我应该在出去散步之前确保自己的安全。于是我打电话给急救中心,看看他们有什么意见。

主诊医生一再向我确定:我不可能被黑寡妇蜘蛛咬了,然后她说她正在谷歌上查找相关资料,并询问咬我的那只蜘蛛长得怎么样。

在电话里说了二十分钟之后(男孩们开始变得无精打采了),我亲自上网查找资料,然后我开始感到资料上所说的第一个症状——我的右下腿出现轻微的痉挛。

就在此时,医生的态度来了180度大转变,她强烈建议我马上前往医院就诊。

好吧,于是我和孩子们挤上公车前往急诊室。

十分钟后,我牵着两个孩子的手,带着捕虫器,走进了加州雷德伍德城红杉医院急诊室。

“三十分钟之前,这只蜘蛛咬了我的这只脚趾,现在我这条腿开始抽筋了。”

里面沉闷的医生护士本来只能接到一些受到挫伤、心悸或者其他普通的病患,都已经麻木了。他们听说我入院之后都放下了手上的工作跑出来围观我,他们看到我之后感到非常惊喜,觉得这个太酷了。

     注:抓住蜘蛛并且把蜘蛛带到他们面前是目前我整天做过的事情当中最明智的,因为它马上使我出名了,证明我并没有说谎。于是这一咬本身就完全变得无关紧要了。

他们建议我应该马上打电话找人照顾我的孩子,因为很快我就要被注入吗啡镇痛,不能好好照顾我的孩子了。

我联系了我的邻居朋友,他们很马上放下手头上的东西过来照顾我的孩子。我还和他们讨论了如果我开他们的车回家的话,怎么样协调车子和座位的。想到我接下来要面对的糟糕样子,这样的讨论真是天真可笑呀。

接着我腿上的痉挛转移到了腹股沟区,我开始担忧即将会发生什么。我被告知抗毒剂的确是有的,但只有亚利桑那州才有,并且这种抗毒剂本身就含有剧毒,除非我像幼童、老人或者免疫系统薄弱的人那样被咬后存在生命危险,否则他们不会坐飞机去取的。因此我的命运就全靠麻醉剂来对抗蜘蛛的毒液,它可能在接下来的六个小时给我带来巨大痛苦和痉挛。

在这个时候,我发短信给我的妻子(她正从波斯顿回来,在前往机场的路上):“嗨,亲爱的,我现在在急救病房,我被一只黑寡妇蜘蛛咬了,爱你。”对于她那有趣的假期来说,这样的一个结尾真是让她不省心呀。

当我清醒过来几个小时后,我被医生们从急诊室里推出来,我父亲来接我,带我去药房取药(止痛药维柯丁和骨骼肌松弛药)。我口齿不清,还有点迷糊,但很高兴我可以回家休息了。

接下来的四十八个小时,如资料所示,我处于迷糊状态。我几乎不记得那时都发生些什么事情了,也没有时间的观念。当我跟妻子说母亲陪了我一个晚上时,她都吓坏了,所以我猜测我当时出现了幻觉。

我们推测那些药物是罪魁祸首,但后来我们确定当时的精神错乱是神经毒素引起的副作用。

医学文献显示康复需要三至五天。第三、四、五晚对我来说简直是个灾难,因为一些未知的原因,我在晚上大量出汗。依资料所说,我出现失汗情况,并且把被单都湿透了,在一晚换了三张被单,下一晚则更换了两次,是出汗弄湿的缘故,不是潮湿造成的。

特别是我的双腿会不停出汗,我要马上擦掉,不然汗珠很快就会串在一起。我在之前真的没见过有这种状况的。

另外,我有五天的时间不能集中精神。晚上也辗转难眠,我饱受折磨。后来我了解到我的妻子当时有上网查找我的症状,发现可能会有长期脑损伤的风险。我想我的人寿保险情况很快就会被更新了。

医生把我的药从维柯丁换成安定(前一个是止痛用的,后一个是用了麻醉神经,让你感受不到痛的)。最后,在星期四的晚上,我终于可以睡个踏实觉了,星期五晚也睡得很好。我在星期六的早上醒来(第六天了),第一次有重获新生的感觉,然后我像个疯子似的去清洗车库。

我对那双有问题的鞋子的进一步观察,发现蜘蛛在鞋子里做了一个蛋囊。我把腿伸进去真是太鲁莽了。她一定是被压制了很久才咬我的。显然,这些致命生物都是很被动的。这就是为什么它不轻易咬人。实际上,我发现在我住的地方,这些蜘蛛随处可见,到处都是。

如果你被黑寡妇蜘蛛咬了,要忍耐一下,把毒素清除掉。你会好起来的,但这需要一点时间。

当我回来工作时,我的同事已经把我的小隔间装点了各种各样的蜘蛛侠纪念品,他们对我能劫后余生感到非常高兴。这件事还是蛮有意思的。

 原文链接:http://www.quora.com/Black-Widow/What-does-it-feel-like-to-be-bitten-by-a-black-widow-spider

 


被黑寡妇毒蜘蛛咬了之后是什么感觉?
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被黑寡妇毒蜘蛛咬了之后是什么感觉?

英文原文:

It was a sunny Sunday morning in the summertime of 2006 in Redwood City, California, and the Mrs. was back East with her gal pals for a weekend of recharging her batteries and reconnecting with old friends.

I was holding down the fort with the munchkins (boys 4 and 1 3/4), and in the interest of creating a morning diversion, we began to make preparations for a walk in the local hills.  Sunscreen on, snacks loaded, water filled, stroller out – you know the drill.

I grabbed a pair of old shoes from the garage, and hastily threw them on over my bare feet, and continued my charge around the house to build momentum to get out the door.  About a minute later, I realized that there was some wiggling in the toes of my right shoe, and just as I was about to take my shoe off, I felt a prick on the tip the 2nd toe of my right foot – not painful, but it got my attention.

I took my shoe off on the outside steps, and dumped it out, discovering a jet black inky spider with a body the size of an engorged pea.  I instructed my son to grab his bug-catcher which was conveniently nearby, and I dumped the spider into the clear container for inspection.

Imagine my horror when I rotated the container and got a glimpse of a distinct reddish/brown hourglass figure on the belly of the black black spider.  OK, I reasoned, I’d lived in those parts for the better part of nearly 4 decades, and I’d NEVER heard of anyone seeing (let alone getting bit by) a black widow spider, so presumably this is just a copy-cat spider that is harmless.

Well, I suppose before heading out for a walk, I ought to be safe and call the urgent care and see what they think.

After being reassured that there was “no way” I had been bitten by a black widow, the attending physician confessed that she was looking at information on Google (!!!) and started to ask me questions about what it looked like.

After 20 minutes on the phone (with the boys starting to melt down), and getting on the Internet myself, I began to experience my first tell-tale symptom — a slight cramping in my lower right leg.

At this point, the doctor changed position entirely, and strongly recommended that I get medical attention immediately.

OK, kids, time to pile into the wagon.  We’re heading to the ER.

Ten minutes later, I walked through the doors at the ER at Sequoia Hospital in Redwood City, CA, with holding the hands of my two boys, along with the bug catcher.

“30 minutes ago, THIS spider, bit me on THIS toe, and now THIS leg is cramping.”

The otherwise bored doctors and nurses who were numbed by their predictable flow of blunt trauma, heart palpitations, and other mundane dramas rapidly appeared out of the woodworks and collectively shouted a big “Yah!!!”.  This, they thought, was soooo cool.

Note: Capturing and bringing in the actual spider was by far the smartest thing I did all day, as it brought me instant celebrity and credibility, as the bite itself was completely and somewhat disappointingly unremarkable.

It was delicately but firmly suggested that I make some phone calls and line up some child-care, as soon I’d be all jacked up full of morphine and other things that would make me a less-than effective father.

I was able to get ahold of my neighbor friends, who gamely dropped what they were doing, and came to pick up my boys.  We had a long discussion about how to orchestrate the movement of cars and carseats, including me driving their car home, which was completely naive given how F-d up I was about to become.

By now the cramping had migrated into my groin area, and I was beginning to wonder what was in store.  I was told that an anti-venom does indeed exist, but it’s kept in Arizona, and is highly toxic in and of itself, so they don’t fly that in unless I was otherwise at risk (toddler, elderly, poor immune system).  So, my fate was to get jacked up on opiates and survive the onslaught of the neurotoxin from the spider which would otherwise cause tremendous pain and cramping for the next 6 hours.

At this point I texted (SMS) my wife (who was on her way to the airport to come home from Boston): “Hey there. I’m in the ER.  Got bitten by a black widow.  Love ya.”  So much for a relaxing end to her fun getaway.

Several hours of mental bliss later, I was discharged from the ER, and picked up by my Dad, who took me to the pharmacy to pick up my meds (vicodin for pain, muscle relaxants). I was slurring words, and otherwise out of it, and happy to get home to relax.

The next 48 hours were literally a blur.  I barely remember any of that time, and mentally, lost track of days and hours.  It freaked my wife out when I said I thought my Mom had spent the night so I guess I was hallucinating.

We assumed at the time, that the meds were the culprit, but now later, we’re pretty sure the delerium was a byproduct of the neurotoxins.

The medical literature suggests that recovery happens within 3 to 5 days.  Nights 3 and 4 and 5 were complete disasters for me.  For some completely unknown reason, I was sweating profusely at night.  As in, literally soaking through my sheets and changing my sheets 3 times on one night and twice the next.  Wet, not damp.

Specifically, I was leaking sweat out of my legs.  I’d wipe them off, and they’d bead up immediately.  It was freaky, to say the least.

Also, I was having trouble concentrating, or being coherent for up to 5 days.  Sleep was next to impossible, and I was getting worn down. I later learned my wife was doing her own Google searches to see what the risks were of permanent brain damage. And, I think my life insurance was promptly renewed shortly thereafter.

The doctors switched me over from vicodin to valium (one makes the pain go away, one makes you not care about the pain).  Finally, I got a decent night sleep on Thursday, and a good one on Friday.  I awoke on Saturday morning (Day 6) feeling like a human being for the first time, and proceeded to clean the garage like a freakin’ maniac.

Upon further inspection of my shoe in question, I discovered that the spider was harboring an egg sac inside my shoe.  How rude of me to put my foot in there.  She was actually quite restrained in waiting so long to bite me, and it turns out that these deadly creatures are incredibly passive.  This is why it’s so rare that a bite happens, as in fact, I discovered, these spiders are everywhere in the area where I was living.

If this happens to you, hang in there, and ride it out.  You will get better, but it takes some time.

When I returned to work, my co-workers had decorated my cubicle with all sorts of Spiderman memorabilia and delighted in my misery.  All in good fun.

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