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做狙击手是什么感觉?

原作者:Michael Janke, 作家、海豹突击队狙击手、CEO、隐私倡导者、哲学家

做狙击手是什么感觉?

这个问题真的不好回答——甚至令我感到有点不安。我不知道怎样去回应这样的一个私人问题……我知道大众对这种特殊的职业和技能都抱有一些幻想,我感觉有点病态,而且还有炒作的成分。现在就说说我的故事吧。

作为一名12年军龄的海豹突击队狙击手,我有很大一部分的青春都灌注在了学习、使用、改进这项技能上面,并以此谋生。虽然如此,但我还是觉得很难用言语去描述“做狙击手是什么感觉”。在我们的狙击队里,资深的狙击手和队长们会更希望那些更加“独立和安静”,能够保持专注和冷静的队员。有些队员有着一些“自然的本能”,能够在任何看不见的环境中找到目标,而我们的训练则将这种“本能”带到一个全新的高度。我们有一种额外的技能需要激发出来,不断磨练和完善,我们把这种技能叫做“Bubble Compartmentalization”——或者说是在很长一段时间隔绝一切事物的能力,除了特定的视觉和观察能力之外,这基本上就是静坐,观察,在心智清醒的状态下进行计算的能力。

关于这份工作,没有什么是特别光荣或者吸引人的。这对你的身体来说是很大的挑战,而这些不是你会在一个鸡尾酒派对上讨论的东西。从我的经验来看,人们已经形成了对你的观念:你是什么类型的人,你的道德是怎样的,而且你肯定是有点脱离大众的。这些甚至在你没有遇到他们之前就已经形成了。你每一天都在爬行、登高、潜行,浑身臭汗的你还要被昆虫叮咬,被灌木划伤。能够侧身躺着已经是莫大的舒适,不过这是你是在永无休止地看着夜视仪或者望远镜。睡上15分钟就要被叫醒,因为要赶往“目标区域”。当你进入目标区域时,你就要开始狙击手的工作了,通常是在海豹突击队的帮助下,在直升机上迅速用绳索滑下来,把目标击倒,然后回到直升机飞走。现在你的工作又开始了:撤离,就是离开目标区域的艺术(有时候你会遇到一些非常愤怒的敌人在四处走动,试图查清楚发生了什么事)。

当然我们还需要不断完善一系列的技能,因为狙击战术、武器装备、天气、敌人和弹道轨迹这些因素会在城市执行任务的过程中不断变化。能够匿藏在广阔区域的丛林中是一回事,但是能够在城市环境中有效地执行狙击任务却是完全另外一回事了,在城市环境中的任务难度系数会直线上升。为了适应各种各样的环境,我们需要经过大量的演练和学习。这些训练包括在建筑、直升机、船只上射击;练习穿过玻璃、墙壁进行射击;学会计算不同的温度、湿度、海拔、负重等等。我们在其他的海豹突击队任务之外,还要经过这样一个永不止步的学习过程。

当我告诉别人,做狙击手跟做CEO有些技能是共通的时候,他们觉得我肯定疯了,但的确这两者之间有很多共同点。一个好的CEO就是可以支持他的团队,帮助他们把事情做好,而不是反过来。狙击手和CEO都同样需要专注把一件事情做完而不被转移注意力的能力,在不断求变的过程中实现和保持团队目标的能力,适应困难而不是制造麻烦的能力。不要在工作中表现出很自我,不要让大家的任务、目标或者成功都归功于自己。在有需要的时候发挥出自己的能力,而不是到处炫耀给别人看。

非常抱歉我说了这么长的一条答案,但到最后都没有根本回答到你问到的做狙击手是什么感觉这个问题,但是我真的觉得很难去清晰回答这么私人的一个问题,而且是在职业的方向回答。不过其实有很多优秀的书籍有关于狙击手的故事和他们经历的狙击任务的详细介绍。当时训练我使用50mm口径麦克米伦狙击枪和拜里特狙击步枪的人叫做卡罗斯·海斯卡克(Carlos Hathcock)。他是我们的狙击手训练课的客座讲师,他人很好,而且是一个很好的老师。他写的书非常适合你去观看。

原文地址

英文原文:

My initial reaction was to decline answering this question. Not an easy question to answer -almost uncomfortable for me. I am not quite sure how to address such a personal question…I recognize the fascination that the public has with this strange profession & skill -both morbid and sensationalized at the same time. So here goes.

As a 12-year SEAL and Sniper, I spent the better part of my adult life learning, using, refining and living this skill, yet I find it difficult to put into words “what is it like to be a sniper?”. In the Teams, older snipers and team leaders look for more “solitary and quiet” individuals that have focus and a “quiet” about them. Some individuals have a “comfortable knack” and a natural feel for navigating any environment unseen -the training takes this “knack” to a whole new level. An additional skill that is sought-out, honed and refined is something we call “Bubble Compartmentalization” -or the ability to block everything else out for long periods of time, except specific visual and observation skills -basically the ability to sit still, observe and calculate without losing your mind.

There is nothing glorious or sexy about the job. It is very hard on your body -and its not something you would want to chat about at a cocktail party. In my experience -people already have a formed opinion of what type of person you must be, what morals you have and that you must be a little “off”, long before you even meet them. You spend days crawling, climbing, slinking, stinking -getting bit by every bug, scratched by every thicket -attempting to relieve yourself while laying on your side, looking thru night vision or scopes for endless hours, sleeping in 15 minute bursts -just to get to a “target area”. Once on the target area – you do the business of a sniper, usually in support of a SEAL assault team that comes in fast and hard in helicopters  -then fastrope down onto the target -take it down, then board and fly away. Now your work begins again -exfiltration, the art of getting out of the target area (sometimes with some very angry enemies running around trying to figure out what happened).

There are so many different skill sets that need to be constantly refined -as Sniper tactics, equipment, weather, enemy and ballistic trajectories change dramatically in an Urban-Sniper role. It is one thing to be able to hide in a jungle with vast areas of cover and concealment -it is an entirely other thing to be an effective sniper in a City or Urban Warfare environment. The difficulty factor goes way up. The amount of practice, study and hours spent mastering every type of environment (shooting from buildings, helicopters, ships, shooting thru glass, walls, different mathematical calculations for temperature, humidity, altitude, load, etc….it is a non-stop learning game -in addition to your other SEAL missions.

When I tell people that there are many complementary skill sets as a Sniper and a CEO of a company, they think I am absolutely crazy, but there are many. A good CEO is there to “support” his team and help make them look good. Not the other way around. To defer attention…and not be a jackass. The ability to focus on getting from A to B without being distracted, the ability to operate and maintain a company’s focus thru constant changes, and adapting rather than causing panic. The ability to not have an ego in the game at hand and not make the mission, goal or success, “about me”, but rather about everyone else. To use your power only when the moment is required -not flaunting it for all to see.

I apologize if this long-winded answer in the end does not give you the “meat and potatoes” of how it feels to be a sniper, but I find it extremely hard to clearly articulate something so personal and yet job oriented. There are many good books out there that do a hell of a job telling specific stories and giving blow-by-blow accounts of combat sniping missions. I was trained on the 50-caliber McMillian and Barrett Sniper Rifle by Carlos Hathcock (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Car…).  He was a guest instructor to my sniper class, he was a good man and a great teacher.  His book is a good book to start, but I feel my personal stories do not have a place here in this forum, so I hope I stayed on topic about how it feels….


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